joi, noiembrie 30, 2023

How does Augustus portray his own power in Res Gestae Divi Augusti 34?

How does Augustus portray his own power in Res Gestae Divi Augusti 34?

As an epitaph, this text would have been designed onesto describe his legacy long after he had passed from living memory, and perhaps for this reason he has exaggerated to some extent because he would be more likely onesto get away with it

The below is an essay I submitted back sopra March on how Augustus, the first Roman Emperor, arnesi up his legacy with the Res Gestae – verso summary of his life’s works as the empire’s first de facto corpo celeste ruler. Preciso make it more relevant esatto the topic at hand, I’ve included verso summary of his comments on Britain and what we can infer from them.

The Res Gestae Divi Augusti, an autobiographical funerary inscription detailing Augustus’ life and achievements, was completed near the end of his life at the via of the first century CE. Section 34, toward the end of the piece, primarily concerns the trading of his official triumvir job title for a less official primus inter pares condizione. Augustus describes the completion of his duties and his honours granted by the senate at some length, while stressing that his new position makes him niente affatto more than an equal onesto other magistrates.

This description of power as commodity deriving only from the senate and people and accepted only as per reluctant necessity is verso common theme sicuro the rest of the text

As verso piece sicuro be spread across the riempire, his portrayal of power would essentially be per reminder of the glory an emperor’s presence brought preciso the state, and verso ‘role model’s’ binario onesto good governance for his successors, the magistrates reading the copy sopra Rome, and the literate elites reading copies on temples around the colmare mediante places like Ancyra (modern Ankara) and Antioch.

It is notable that the first reference made puro his triumviral power (Res Gestae 34,1 – the triumvirate was a council of three given special powers during years of crisis) is dated by his acknowledgement of his sixth and seventh consulships, per remarkable achievement previously matched only by the popular general Marius. He describes ‘universal consent’ and ‘complete control’, but more importantly immediately stresses the relinguishing of his power upon completion of his alotted task. He does not acknowledge any extraordinary political power of his own outside his triumviral years always describing his acts as being ‘by order of the people and the senate’ or ‘on the authority of the senate’ (ibid 8.1, 20.5)

He goes on (ibid 34 ,2) sicuro describe the gifts bestowed upon him by the senate; using them Codice sconto tinder puro highlight the high regard he retained at the successful conclusion of his triumvirate and also portraying them as rewards for moral character in withdrawing, when some would have sought sicuro extend. These gifts were all symbolic sopra Roman society and constitute both civilian and military honours, durante keeping with his role as holder of both kinds of power.

The agnomen Augustus is the derivative of the modern word August – ‘inspiring reverence and admiration’ and is verso clear sign of the way he projected his power and the face of his administration. Both the wreaths he mentions upon his house and person are symbols of great prestige – the laurel bay leaf wreath for his house signifies the wreath worn by verso triumphator, and the ruota civica was earned by a citizen who had saved another’s life. Augustus uses these preciso illustrate his use of power onesto crush his enemies at a household level (perhaps representing the Republic, mixage an element of pater familias with his eventual title of pater patriae), and preciso preserve the lives of his citizens at a personal level; verso theme which comes up elsewhere con the text. (Res Gestae 5.2 for example)



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